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Diabetic Retinopathy – All You Need to Know

What is diabetic retinopathy, what causes diabetic retinopathy, what are the stages of diabetic retinopathy, what is the treatment for diabetic retinopathy, what is the pathophysiology?

All of these questions and more will be answered in this paper.

So what is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy can be defined as damage to the retina of the eye caused by complications arising from diabetes. If you're looking for best diabetic retinopathy eye screening in Toronto, you can search for various online sources.

The nature of eye damage may be swelling and leakage of blood into the eye fluid or the growth of new abnormal blood vessels on the surface of the retina.

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However, this condition can cause blindness. The fact is that this condition affects up to 80 percent of people who have diabetes for 10 years or more and every year in the United States, diabetic retinopathy is responsible for 12 percent of all new cases of blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy develops through various stages and as in most conditions, the earlier it is diagnosed, the better the prognosis for recovery.

The first stage, called Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR), may not be clear to the sufferer. At this stage it is not visible to the naked eye, there are no symptoms and the patient will have normal vision.

The fact is that the only way to detect Diabetic Retinopathy or DR at this stage is to undergo an ophthalmoscope or fundus photography – a type of photography in which microscopic blood bulges in the arterial wall or known as microaneurysms can be seen.